The Threat of Destructive War
By Barrett Moore
National defense is a cornerstone of national existence. Without national defense there can be no freedom, prosperity or progress. If Americans want security in today's dangerous world, then they must begin by asking a few questions: Who are America's enemies? What weapons do these enemies possess? What strategies do these enemies apply? If you're like most Americans, you prefer to believe that America doesn't have enemies. After all, America prefers peaceful production to destructive war. The United States is a commercial nation where everyone works together, according to the market. Why should there be wars at all? Why should anyone start a war?
There are people in the world who do not view things from the perspective of commerce. There are warlike powers that seek to possess the world's most destructive weapons. We may pretend that these powers wish America well, but we would be fooling ourselves. Hatred of America is second nature to some dictators. Communists and Nazis long ago denounced commercial civilization as "bourgeois" or "Jewish." The Islamic Republic of Iran refers to the United States as "the Great Satan." Chinese leaders say America is decadent and doomed.
A central feature of totalitarianism is the steady stream of accusations and slanders hurtled against its intended victims. Before the outbreak of World War II Hitler suggested that the Jews were scheming to start another war in Europe. If they did so, he warned, they would be eradicated. The Jews, of course, were not scheming against Europe. Hitler was scheming. The thief is afraid that others are planning to steal from him, the liar is slow to trust, and the dictator imagines that others are plotting military aggression. People tend to think that others are like themselves. It is no wonder, therefore, that the militaristic North Korean regime frequently accuses the United States of "militarism." Today, Russian leaders accuse America of seeking nuclear supremacy through the planned deployment of defensive missiles in Poland - while Russia steadily builds and deploys new offensive road mobile ICBMs.
Just as the paranoid aspersions of totalitarian dictators serve as a kind of confession, naive American assumptions about Russia and China testify to the good will of a commercial society in search of mutually beneficial relationships. Sadly, the world appears divided into irreconcilable halves. As Rudyard Kipling once wrote:
Oh, East is East, and West is West, and never the twain shall meet,Till Earth and Sky stand presently at God's great Judgment Seat.
The nuclear threat revisited
In 1990 a CIA specialist in the area of nuclear war fighting, Peter Vincent Pry, published a two-volume work: The Strategic Nuclear Balance and Why it Matters. "This volume," he wrote, "is an estimate of the U.S.-Soviet strategic nuclear balance, an explanation and critique of different established ways of evaluating that balance...." After analyzing the offensive and defensive capabilities of both superpowers Pry concluded: "The balance of U.S.-Soviet strategic lethality and survivability ... heavily favors the USSR." He went on to explain that the Soviet arsenal could "destroy 31-213 percent more area targets than [could] the United States [arsenal]." He further noted, "Soviet superiority is most notable in the defensive half of the strategic balance. Soviet targets," he explained, "are three times harder to kill than U.S. targets because Soviet silos and shelters tend to be much harder and are more numerous."
If anyone should dismiss Dr. Pry's analysis under the misconception that a nuclear war will never be fought because it can never be won, they should study his Vol. 2: Nuclear Wars, Exchanges and Outcomes. In Chapter 7, "Societal Survival," Pry cited Herman Kahn's On Thermonuclear War, which concluded that society can survive and recover from such a war. "Many subsequent studies," wrote Pry, "including the most authoritative treatments, by the U.S. Defense Department and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, have reaffirmed Kahn's basic conclusion that nuclear war is survivable and social recuperation feasible." In terms of military strategy, Pry pointed out that nuclear war between superpowers would probably not involve strikes against civilian targets. "Soviet nuclear bombing of U.S. cities would only provoke U.S. nuclear bombing of Soviet cities." It is therefore "in the USSR's interests to limit as much as possible U.S. civilian casualties and the destruction of U.S. industrial assets." The reader should not misunderstand this analysis, insofar as millions of civilian deaths would nonetheless result from short-term fallout. But nuclear war, far from being the end of the world, could result in the defeat of the United States.
Because military strategy is about victory rather than destruction, and because nuclear weapons can be focused against military targets instead of civilian targets, nuclear war may not be as destructive as popularly assumed. As far back as 1966 the Soviet strategist, Colonel M. Shirokov, wrote: "The objective is not to turn the large economic and industrial regions into a heap of ruins." As for the dangers of ozone depletion, "nuclear winter," and long-term fallout, Pry cited conclusive scientific critiques and studies which unambiguously dismiss these "nightmarish notions." The Russian strategists, he explained, believe there will be winners and losers in a future nuclear war.
After examining likely nuclear exchanges between Russia and the United States, Pry concluded: "In all three scenarios - Worst, Moderate, and Best cases - judging from military outcomes, a nuclear war would probably result in ... U.S. surrender. An unconditional surrender cannot be ruled out and may even be likely in the Worst and Moderate cases." Given the parameters of Pry's study, the nuclear balance favors the Russian side more today than it did when Pry was writing in 1990. (Since 2002 the Bush administration has pursued unilateral nuclear disarmament, while the Russian side has strengthened and modernized its nuclear forces.)
The casual reader may ask why the nuclear balance between Russia and America should matter 16 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union. In October 2000 Sergei Tretyakov defected to the United States. He was described by a senior FBI analyst as "the most important Russian spy that our side has had in decades." In 2008 journalist Pete Early published Tretyakov's warning to Americans in a book titled Comrade J. In an interview with Early, Tretyakov said: "I want to warn Americans. As a people, you are very naive about Russia and its intentions. You believe because the Soviet Union no longer exists, Russia now is your friend. It isn't, and I can show you how the SVR [KGB] is trying to destroy the U.S. even today and even more than the KGB did during the Cold War."
In the decade following the collapse of the Soviet Union Russian promises were repeatedly broken. The Kremlin continued to build submarines, missiles and nuclear warheads. In violation of major arms control agreements, Russia stockpiled binary chemical weapons and continued work on a super-plague weapon. American satellites detected the construction of vast underground cities in the Urals. These were invulnerable to nuclear attacks, lying more than 1,000 feet beneath the surface. The Russians also refurbished the nuclear-proof bunkers under Moscow. If Russia was broke, why were they spending precious resources getting ready for a nuclear-biological war?
The Kremlin's strategic architecture
In 1968 a high-level communist official defected to the United States. His name was Jan Sejna, and he worked directly for the top level of the Czech communist government. In 1982 Sejna published his memoirs under the title We Will Bury You. According to Sejna, in 1967 the Czech leaders were briefed on Russia's long-range strategic plan. "It had always been made clear that the Plan's objectives were firm but the means and methods of achieving them were flexible," wrote Sejna. "This flexibility often serves to confound Western political analysts, who tend to confuse a change in tactics with a profound change in ... thinking." According to Sejna, even though Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalin's crimes, the Kremlin had not abandoned Stalin's objectives. "In fact," wrote Sejna, "they had only dropped his methods."
While addressing Western ambassadors during a reception at the Polish Embassy in Moscow on 18 November 1956, Khrushchev publicly stated: "Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will bury you!" On 24 July 1959 Khrushchev told visiting U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon that his grandchildren would live under communism. Two months later Khrushchev visited the United States where he also told U.S. Agriculture Secretary Ezra Taft Benson that "your grandchildren will live under communism." When Benson assured him the opposite, Khrushchev reportedly said: "You Americans are so gullible. No, you won't accept communism outright, but we'll keep feeding you small doses of socialism until you'll finally wake up and find you already have communism. We won't have to fight you. We'll so weaken your economy until you'll fall like overripe fruit into our hands."
Khrushchev's intention was recently explained by the former deputy chief of communist Romania's foreign intelligence service, Ion Pacepa, who said the following in a 2007 interview with filmmaker Robert Buchar: "The whole foreign policy of the Soviet bloc states, indeed its whole economic and military might, revolved around the larger Soviet objective of destroying America from within through the use of lies. The Soviets saw disinformation as a vital tool in the dialectical advance of world communism. KGB priority number one was to damage American power, judgment, and credibility."
It is noteworthy that Khrushchev did not say, "You will live under communism." He also did not say, "Your children will live under communism." He told his American opposites that their grandchildren "would live under communism." Khrushchev was admitting that Moscow's plan is a long-range plan, involving decades of work. "One of the basic problems of the West," wrote Sejna, "is its frequent failure to recognize the existence of any Soviet 'grand design' at all. Those rejecting this concept unwittingly serve Soviet efforts to conceal their objectives...." Acknowledging the Kremlin's many failures, Sejna warned against Western assumptions of Russian incompetence. "That is a very dangerous view, and one which ignores the calculating and persevering nature of Soviet decision-makers."
The main target of the Kremlin's Strategic Plan is the United States. In order to fight a war on favorable terms, or to win without a nuclear exchange, the Russians wanted to isolate the United States by manipulating Europe into neutrality, establishing anti- American regimes in the Third World, and restricting U.S. economic access to strategic resources. (The success of this strategy may be seen today in Germany's blossoming relationship with Russia, and the pro-communist regimes in Congo, South Africa and Venezuela.)
Starting in February 1967 the Warsaw Pact countries received regular directives detailing their part in the overall Plan. "When my friends and I studied the Strategic Plan," wrote Sejna, "our initial reactions were identical: we considered it quite unrealistic, especially in its timing, which we thought wildly optimistic." Only after Sejna defected to the West did he change this opinion. "I could find no unity, no consistent objective or strategy among Western countries. It is not possible to fight the Soviet system and strategy with small tactical steps. For the first time I began to believe that the Soviet Union would be able to achieve her goals - something I had not believed in Czechoslovakia."
The Kremlin strategists envisioned that sometime after 1990 an economic and political sequence would unfold, leading to the collapse of the American economy and "the advent to power in Washington of a transitional liberal and progressive government." In September 1967 the Secretary of the Soviet Central Committee, Konstantin Katushev, arrived in Prague to orally brief the Czech communist leaders. The Czechs feared that an economic crisis in America would lead to the emergence of a right-wing regime. The United States could move to "either extreme," Katushev admitted, "as ... in the McCarthy period and the Vietnam War. If we can impose on the U.S.A. the external restraints proposed in our Plan, and seriously disrupt the American economy, the working and lower middle classes will suffer the consequences and they will turn on the society that has failed them. They will be ready for revolution."
The Russian strategists foresaw that the American workforce would be facing a difficult situation in twenty to forty years. America's enormous progress in technology, said Katushev, was a destabilizing influence because it led to underemployment by unskilled workers. A social gap would open between technocrats and the masses. "This phenomenon," Katushev noted, "is one I consider the United States cannot deal with." Though American workers could turn to the right, he added, "It's more likely ... that a progressive regime will emerge because, in spite of their power, the governing bureaucratic elite and industrial elite, and the media, are fundamentally liberal in their outlook and ashamed of their failure to solve basic national problems."
In 1967 Soviet Marshal Matvei Zhakarov visited Prague to encourage the recruitment of "high-level agents of influence" in the rising elite of America's universities, media and government. Moscow perceived that power was passing from the hands of the "old industrial plutocracy." If the Soviet bloc could penetrate the U.S. media and academia, it would be easier to manipulate the society as a whole.
While the Strategic Plan called for disrupting the U.S. economy and encouraging the election of a progressive presidential candidate, it also aimed at splitting the United States from Europe. According to Sejna, "The Russians planned to play upon the nationalist, bourgeois prejudices of the leading European countries in order to convince them that Europe must strive to become a distinct entity, separate from the United States."
In order to gain technology and money from the West, Moscow planned to launch an unprecedented peace offensive, which would involve the liquidation of the communist bloc in order to get rid of the West's collective security system (NATO). About this plan, Sejna wrote: "The erosion of NATO begun in Phase Two [of the Plan] would be completed by the withdrawal of the United States from its commitment to the defense of Europe, and by European hostility to military expenditure, generated by economic recession and fanned by the efforts of the 'progressive' movements. To this end we envisaged that it might be necessary to dissolve the Warsaw Pact, in which event we had already prepared a web of bilateral defense arrangements, to be supervised by secret committees of Comecon."
In terms of operational details, the Plan relied on future sabotage and terrorist operations. These would benefit from the infiltration of organized crime and Soviet bloc drug trafficking. The Russian planners believed that the American economy could be sabotaged, that the CIA was effectively blind, and that drug trafficking could open a back door to America's financial centers and geographical heartland. Sejna's testimony on this subject was published in 1990 a book titled Red Cocaine, written by Joseph D. Douglass, Jr., with an introduction by Ray S. Cline, former Deputy Director for Intelligence at the CIA.
The role of terrorism was especially important to the thrust of the Strategic Plan. In a 2006 interview with documentary filmmaker Robert Buchar, Russian historian and dissident Vladimir Bukovsky was asked whether the Soviets fathered modern terrorism. "Oh definitely," said Bukovsky. "I can show you hundreds of documents proving that. I mean how they supplied, trained, created and ... control almost every terrorist organization on earth. I have these documents."
The former Deputy Director of the Romanian intelligence service, Ion Mihai Pacepa, has written about Russia's involvement with international terrorism. "Today's international terrorism," he wrote in August 2006, "was conceived at the Lubyanka, the headquarters of the KGB.... I witnessed its birth in my other life, as a Communist general."
In a 1987 book, titled Spetsnaz: The Inside Story of the Soviet Special Forces, a Soviet military intelligence defector writing under the pen name Viktor Suvorov explained the ultimate purpose to which Russia's terrorists would be put to use. In Chapter 15 of the book, Suvorov listed various economic sabotage operations and terror strikes to be undertaken in advance of all-out war against the United States. "All these operations," wrote Suvorov, "are known officially in the GRU as the 'preparatory period,' and unofficially as the 'overture.' The overture is a series of large and small operations the purpose of which is, before actual military operations begin, to weaken the enemy's morale, create an atmosphere of general suspicion, fear and uncertainty, and divert the attention of the enemy's armies and police forces to a huge number of different targets, each which may be the object of the next attack." According to Suvorov, the overture is carried out by intelligence agents and by "mercenaries recruited by intermediaries." The strategy they follow is known as "grey terror," described by Suvorov as "a kind of terror which is not conducted in the name of the Soviet Union." Instead, the terror is carried out in the name of "already existing extremist groups not connected in any way" with Russia. According to Suvorov, "The terrorist acts carried out in the course of the 'overture' require very few people, very few weapons and little equipment."
The example of 19 men with box-cutters comes to mind, though Suvorov lists "a screw driver, a box of matches or a glass ampoule."
The fall of Eastern Europe
The "fall of communism" is best understood in the light of the following facts: (1) All seven East European communist regimes, unflinchingly defended for decades by brutal police repression, collapsed within a period of seven months. (2) In every case but one, the leaders stepped down without violence. (3) With rare exceptions, the new "democratic" regimes did not put former communist officials on trial. (5) Many of the new "democratic" leaders of Eastern Europe later proved to have secret police ties. For example: two Polish historians now claim that trade union leader Lech Walesa worked for the communist secret police under the codename "Bolek"; Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov has admitted collaborating with the secret police; and in 2002 Hungarian Prime Minister Peter Medgyessy confessed to serving as a secret police officer. These are examples of those whose connections have been documented or admitted. Almost certainly, others are yet to be exposed.
In 2007 the Czech secret police Captain Ludvik Zivcak told filmmaker Robert Buchar, "Many people think or believe that in 1989 there was a mass uprising of the nation. From what I did, or where I worked, I am convinced that there was no uprising at all. One political system was just replaced by another political system." As an organizer of the uprising, operating on instructions from the communist hierarchy, Zivcak explained: "It's hard to find out today who wrote the script; but it definitely wasn't written in America. The Americans merely jumped on the bandwagon at the end; so the script was almost certainly written in the East."
What about the supposedly violent overthrow of Nicolae Ceausescu in Romania? As it turns out, the men who overthrew the Romanian dictator were known agents of Moscow. The facts of the case have been laid out by Andrei Codrescu, author of The Hole in the Flag. Codrescu first discovered the fraud of the December Revolution in the following way: "Last night ... I had gotten up, seized by thirst. Before going to bed, I had consumed a goodly amount of Stolichnaya with a Soviet journalist who'd been in Sibiu for a week. He had also been in Timisoara and told me a number of interesting things, including the fact that on December 10 - five days before the protest in front of Reverend Toke's house - there were nearly a dozen TASS correspondents there. When I asked him why, my friend winked. His wink troubled me. 'What were nearly a dozen TASS correspondents doing in a remote Transylvanian town, many days before anything started to happen?' I insisted. He winked again."
Dissident Russian historian Vladimir Bukovsky, who managed to obtain documents from the communist archives in Russia, knows that the revolutions in Eastern Europe were planned and organized long in advance by the KGB. These are things people don't like to discuss, Bukovsky complained in a videotaped interview with Filmmaker Robert Buchar. "And if you try discussing them in the West they look at you with disbelief. Namely, that it was planned in Moscow ... to change the hard line communist regimes in Eastern Europe and to find a replacement for them of more liberal variety."
The KGB not only planned the revolutions in Eastern Europe, but these revolutions were part of a larger strategy outlined by KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn in a 1984 book titled New Lies for Old: The Communist Strategy of Deception and Disinformation. In an astonishing display of foreknowledge, Golitsyn predicted that a "liberal" reformer was about to take power in the Soviet Union. According to intelligence historian Mark Riebling, Golitsyn's book contained 148 falsifiable predictions. By the end of 1993 almost 94 percent of the predictions were fulfilled. "Among events correctly foreseen: 'the return to power of Dubcek and his associates' in Czechoslovakia; the 'reemergence of Solidarity' and the formation of a 'coalition government' in Poland; a newly 'independent' regime in Romania; 'economic reforms' in the USSR; and a Soviet repudiation of the Afghanistan invasion." Golitsyn even envisioned the fall of the Berlin Wall.
No analyst has ever made so accurate and detailed a series of predictions in history; and no analyst has ever sounded such a note of alarm. According the Golitsyn, "the 'liberalization' [of the communist bloc] would be calculated and deceptive in that it would be introduced from above. It would be carried out by the party through its cells and individual members in government, the Supreme Soviet, the courts, and the electoral machinery and by the KGB through its agents among the intellectuals and scientists. It would be the culmination of [KGB Chairman] Shelepin's plans." The deception would facilitate Moscow's old objective of separating America from Europe while prosecuting a secret war of terror and sabotage against the West. When the situation has sufficiently developed, warned Golitsyn, "they might well decide on Sino-Soviet 'reconciliation.' The scissors strategy would give way to the strategy of 'one clenched fist.' At that point the shift in the political and military balance would be plain for all to see."
Russia's alliance with China presently coincides with efforts to break NATO by demonstrating Europe's energy dependence on Russia. In the winter of 2009 the Kremlin cut Europe's energy supplies. This followed offers of a "special relationship" with Germany coinciding with brazen threats against recalcitrant governments in Ukraine and Poland. After recalling Russia's ambassadors to Moscow in July 2008, President Dmitri Medvedev outlined the Kremlin's plan for a "new security architecture" in Europe: "A strategic partnership between Russia and the European Union could act as the so-called cornerstone of a Greater Europe ... which would include intensive economic interpenetration on the basis of agreed 'rules of the game,' including in the fuel and energy sector and the high-tech field."
9/11 and the Overture
In a July 2005 interview with the Polish Newspaper Rzeczpospolita, FSB/KGB defector Alexander Litvinenko alleged that al Qaeda's second-in-command, Ayman Al-Zawahri, was "an old agent of the FSB." Political writer and former KGB officer, Konstantin Preobrazhenskiy, confirmed Litvinenko's allegation, stating: "[Litvinenko] was responsible for securing the secrecy of Al-Zawahri's arrival in Russia, who was trained by FSB instructors in Dagestan, Northern Caucasus, in 1996-97."
Preobrazhenskiy further stated: "At that time, Litvinenko was the Head of the Subdivision for Internationally Wanted Terrorists of the First Department of the Operative-Inquiry Directorate of the FSB Anti-Terrorist Department. He was ordered to undertake the delicate mission of securing Al-Zawahri from unintentional disclosure by the Russian police. Though Al-Zawahri had been brought to Russia by the FSB using a false passport, it was still possible for the police to learn about his arrival and report to Moscow for verification. Such a process could disclose Al-Zawahri as an FSB collaborator."
Litvinenko detailed Russia's role as the originator of modern terrorism in his July 2005 interview with Rzeczpospolita: "I know only one organization that has made terrorism the main tool of solving political problems. It is the Russian special services. The KGB has been engaged in terrorism for many years, and mass terrorism. At the special department of the KGB they trained terrorists from practically every country in the world. These courses lasted, as a rule, for half a year. Specially trained and prepared agents of the KGB organized murders and explosions, including explosions of tankers, the hijacking of passenger airliners, along with hits on diplomatic, state and commercial organizations worldwide." Litvinenko added that the agents of the KGB/FSB were "the bloodiest terrorist in the world." He then listed Carlos Ilyich Ramiros (Carlos the Jackal), Yassir Arafat, Saddam Hussein, and a host of others. According to Litvinenko, "all these figures and movements operated under their own slogans; however, none of them especially hid their 'intimate' ... relationship with the Kremlin and Lubyanka. There is a simple question: whether the Russian special services would train and finance people and groups which are unsupervised by Lubyanka and did not serve the interests of the Kremlin? You understand perfectly, they would not. Each act of terrorism made by these people was carried out as an assignment and under the rigid control of the KGB of the USSR."
Asked if this terrorism continues under the post-Soviet leadership, Litvinenko warned that "the center of global terrorism is not in Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan or the Chechen Republic. The terrorist infection is spread worldwide from Lubyanka Square and the Kremlin cabinet. And until the Russian special services are outlawed, dispersed and condemned, the terrorism will never stop."
It is noteworthy that after his public statements about the KGB's connection to Al Qaeda, former KGB officer Litvinenko was poisoned at the bar of a London hotel by Kremlin agents who put radioactive polonium-210 in his tea. He died in November 2006.
During a conversation with an American journalist in 1998, Russian military defector Col. Stanislav Lunev warned that any future report about Arab terrorists nuking an American city could not be trusted. When the journalist asked why, Lunev replied, "Because it will be my people, Spetsnaz [i.e., Russian special forces commandos]."
China's Political Concept
According to the American sinologist Steven Mosher, the central Chinese political concept is Ba (sometimes translated as "hegemony"). Ba refers to a political order invented by Chinese strategists 2,800 years ago. Mosher noted that this political order was "based exclusively on naked power." In the twentieth century, when the founder of Communist China said that "war is the highest form of struggle" and "political power grows out of the barrel of a gun," he was merely annunciating the ancient principles of Chinese despotism. The Chinese Communist Party necessarily relies on ancient concepts and models. For them, Ba signifies an all-powerful ruler at the head of an all- powerful state. According to Mosher, "Chinese strategists of old may be said to have invented totalitarianism more than two millennia before Lenin introduced it to the West, in order to achieve a kind of super-superpower status."
Chinese strategic tradition says that the primary object of the state is to establish absolute dominance over one region after another. According to China's strategists, this is not accomplished by loudly declaring your intention to destroy all rivals. "All warfare is based on deception," wrote Sun Tzu, in the fifth century B.C. "Hence, when able to attack, we must seem unable; when using our forces, we must seem inactive; when we are near, we must make the enemy believe that we are away; when far away, we must make him believe we are near. Hold out baits to entice the enemy. Feign disorder, and crush him."
As the founder of modern China, Mao Zedong was serious about establishing China's global dominance. "We must control the earth," he told his associates. This was the ultimate objective of Chinese strategy. On 28 June 1958 Mao told his generals: "We must build big ships, and be prepared to land in Japan, the Philippines, and San Francisco." He further noted, "The Pacific Ocean is not peaceful. It can only be peaceful when we take it over." When Mao asked the Soviet Union for help in building a fleet, the Soviet leadership tried to dissuade him. "Build submarines and light ships armed with missiles," said Nikita Khrushchev. "A big warship is a steel coffin." The Russians explained the technical difficulties of warship construction. Mao was only irritated by these tedious explanations and humiliated by the suggestion that China could ill afford large warships. "I don't need a fleet, then," he sourly interjected during a meeting with Khrushchev. "I know guerrilla warfare. China can always retreat from the coast and fight a guerrilla war."
Only the fact of China's backwardness prevented Mao from building a navy. Three decades after Mao's death, China has made unimaginable economic progress, and the construction of China's navy is underway. Deng Xiaoping was the leader who facilitated China's present military buildup. In October 1991 Deng watched the test flight of the Jian-9 fighter in Sichuan. China had solved its economic problem, said Deng. Soon China would be able to build powerful armed forces. As the People's Daily explained, "whether a socialist country should make use of capitalism or not is a question which has long been resolved both in theory and practice."
China is America's Enemy
The People's Republic of China is targeting the United States with nuclear weapons because American power is an affront to the ancient Chinese principle that China should be the world's dominant country. American intelligence has long known that China assists America's enemies in Latin America, Africa and the Middle East. According to Pentagon sources, the Chinese were supplying al Qaeda and the Taliban with weapons after the September 11 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington. In June 2002, a classified Pentagon report disclosed that the People's Liberation Army had been training Taliban and al Qaeda fighters. While Chinese leaders pretend to be America's "partner" in the war on terror, they are working to undermine America on every front. In Latin America the Chinese are assisting the stealth Communist regime of Hugo Chavez. In the Middle East, the Chinese continue to facilitate Tehran's military buildup.
According to Chinese defector Chen Yonglin, formerly the senior political officer at the Chinese Consulate in Sydney, Australia, China is engaged in a massive espionage campaign against America. "The United States is considered by the Chinese Communist Party as the largest enemy, the major strategic rival," Chen explained in a June 2005 interview with The Washington Times. Most of China's espionage involves military-related intelligence gathered by military officials or civilian spies working for the Ministry of State Security. According to Chen, China continues to follow Deng Xiaoping's policy of "bide our time, build our capabilities." What that means, said Chen, "is that when the day is mature, the Chinese government will strike back [at America]."
Not only is Beijing following ancient Chinese precepts of establishing hegemony, but the Chinese government is Communist, and makes use of Communist ideological rationales. In accusing the United States of "hegemonic" ambitions, the Chinese merely engage in classic Freudian projection. According to sinologist Steven Mosher, "China's elite clearly covets the title of Hegemon for itself."
China's Secretive Elite
"The Chinese state is not like any other state," wrote the French journalist Guy Sorman. "Chinese laws are worthless and exist only on paper. Those in command operate behind the scenes. The Party hierarchy, the only hierarchy that matters, consists of faceless individuals. The Party's Central Committee meetings are held in the utmost secrecy; most Chinese do not even know the names of its members."
The current Chinese system was established under Mao Zedong in 1949. According to a 1971 Congressional study organized under Professor Richard L. Walker, the Beijing regime has caused between 34.3 and 63.8 million deaths. In 1999, historian Jean-Louis Margolin claimed that Beijing had caused between 44.5 and 72 million deaths.
The Chinese Communist Party, wrote Sorman, "has crossed all bounds and demonstrated its extraordinary capacity to kill, steal, and lie." On whether the Chinese leaders are hardened Communists, determined to overthrow the global market and smash America, Sorman wrote: "Her economic takeoff does not make China any less Communist, for development is the raison d'etre of Marxism." According to Sorman, "[The Communist Party's] cadres continue to study Marxist-Leninist thought, learn its catechism, and attend regular refresher courses held in Party schools." Furthermore, the Chinese mix nationalism with Communism in their educational program. According to Sorman, "The official history of the Party in school textbooks holds the West squarely responsible for all the country's woes." The new Chinese nationalism teaches hatred of European imperialism, and hatred of American power. This hatred is hidden behind an outward façade of mutual economic interest.
American politicians erroneously believe that China is tied to America by trade and money. American intelligence analysts are therefore discouraged from warning about China's hostile intentions. Even the U.S. media is afraid to criticize China - fearing their correspondents will be denied access to Chinese officials. The totalitarian state can effectively mask its enmity and hide its plans for destructive war, while obtaining weapons technology and military industrial capacity. "For a relatively long time," wrote Gen. Mi Zhenyu, "it will be absolutely necessary that we quietly nurse our sense of vengeance.... We must conceal our abilities and bide our time."
China's War Plans
It is an error to assume that trade with China eliminates the possibility of a future war with China. Prior to 1914, experts declared that a war between Germany and Great Britain was impossible. In those days there was intensive trade between the two countries. But war broke out nonetheless, because trade does not trump military power. China's trade with America must be understood in this context. China does not trade for the sake of building a consumer democracy. China trades to acquire advanced military capabilities in order to dominate the Pacific Ocean. In December 1999 the vice chairman of the Communist Party Central Military Commission, Gen. Chi Haotian, spoke of China's future relations with America. "Seen from the changes in the world situation and the United States' hegemonic strategy," said Gen. Chi, "war is inevitable. We cannot avoid it. The issue is that the Chinese armed forces must control the initiative in this war. We must make sure that we win.... We must be prepared to fight for one year, two years, three years, or even longer."
Since China is built on the principle of Ba, and Ba is based on naked power, it is no wonder that Mao was unfazed by the prospect of a future nuclear war. Such a war, he said, could be used to advantage. "If worst came to worst and half of mankind died," said Mao, "the other half would remain while imperialism would be razed to the ground and the whole world would become socialist; in a number of years there would be 2.7 billion people again and definitely more."
In July 2005, a senior Chinese general publicly said that China was prepared to destroy hundreds of American cities. Major Gen. Zhu Chenghu, dean of China's National Defense University, stated: "War logic dictates that a weaker power needs to use maximum efforts to defeat a stronger rival." He further explained that China could not win a conventional war with the United States, though a nuclear war was something altogether different. "We Chinese will prepare ourselves for the destruction of all the cities east of Xian," he said. "Of course, the Americans will have to be prepared that hundreds of cities will be destroyed by the Chinese."
In September 2005, leading Chinese democracy advocate Wei Jingsheng warned that China was planning a nuclear war against the United States. According to Wei, Americans should not underestimate the irrationality of Chinese leaders. The Communists are also very deceptive, he said. "They try to appear less threatening while planning war." Deng Xiaoping once explained that despite trading with America, China was nonetheless the mortal enemy of America. This fact must remain hidden, he added. "China must not alarm the West".
China Joins With Russia
On 16 July 2001 the presidents of Russia and China met in Moscow to sign a Treaty for Good Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation. As early as May 1999, in the wake of U.S. military operations against Serbia, Chinese generals were visiting Moscow to arrange "close cooperation" with the Russian General Staff. The proposed cooperation included new weapons developments, weapons production, military planning and joint military operations.
The 2001 Sino-Russian "friendship treaty" calls for joint actions to offset U.S. strategic advantages. It also formalized arms sales and military technology transfers from Russia to China. Since 1999 the Chinese have received from Russia advanced anti-ship missiles, destroyers, submarines and fighter aircraft. According to findings of the House Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China, Russian experts were found to be helping the Chinese improve their nuclear missiles forces. This degree of cooperation surprised committee chairman Chris Cox, who expressed bafflement when testifying on the matter before a Senate committee.
In recent years the Chinese have staged military exercises with the Russians, including exercises involving the Russian Pacific Fleet. The degree of cooperation between the two countries is alarming, though U.S. politicians prefer to ignore the implied threat, not knowing what to do about it.
The Clash of Civilizations
According to Professor Samuel P. Huntington, people's cultural and religious identities are a primary source of conflict. In a 1993 Foreign Affairs article titled "The Clash of Civilizations," Huntington argued that "the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations." He further stated: "The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future."
Of course, Huntington did not originate the phrase "clash of civilizations." This phrase was previously coined by one of the West's leading experts on Islam, Professor Bernard Lewis of Princeton University, in a September 1990 Atlantic Monthly article titled "The Roots of Muslim Rage." In that article Lewis wrote: "the idea that religion and politics should be separated is relatively new...." With regard to Islam, this idea does not exist at all. This is significant, Lewis noted, because Islam has known periods "when it inspired in some of its followers a mood of hatred and violence. It is our misfortune that part ... of the Muslim world is now going through such a period...."
This inspiration of hatred may be seen in the Islamic Republic of Iran as well as among Muslim terrorists. Their animating idea is that God has enemies, wrote Lewis, "and needs human help in order to identify and dispose of them...." Therefore, in Islam, the struggle between good and evil has political as well as military dimensions. "Muhammad," wrote Lewis, "was not only a prophet and teacher, like the founders of other religions; he was also the head of a polity and of the community, a ruler and a soldier. Hence his struggle involved a state and its armed forces. If the fighters in the war for Islam ... are fighting for God, it follows that their opponents are fighting against God."
The House of Islam vs. the House of Unbelief
The West, therefore, has a serious security problem. Holy warriors are rewarded in heaven, and nuclear deterrence may not deter those who seek martyrdom. Lewis noted: "In the classical Islamic view, to which many Muslims are beginning to return, the world and all mankind are divided into two: the House of Islam, where the Muslim law and faith prevail, and the rest, known as the House of Unbelief or the House of War, which it is the duty of Muslims ultimately to bring to Islam."
The struggle between the House of Islam and the House of Unbelief has lasted fourteen centuries. "It has consisted of a long series of attacks and counterattacks, jihads and crusades, conquests and re-conquests," wrote Lewis. "For the first thousand years Islam was advancing, Christendom was in retreat and under threat." It is logical, therefore, that Islam should one day return to the offensive. Under the auspices of today's Muslim revival, a new religious offensive cannot be avoided. Though the West would deny the depth and breadth of the rising jihad, history is clearly repeating itself; Iran's quest for nuclear weapons is only the tip of the jihadist "iceberg."
In recent decades, millions of Muslims have immigrated from the Middle East and Africa to Europe and America. Offended by the West's material superiority, enraged by Western mores, Muslim radicalism is simultaneously gifted with fresh hatred and an ideal position from which to strike - inside the gates of the enemy civilization. Already the West has seen the burning of tens of thousands of automobiles by rioting Muslims in France; the detonation of bombs on trains and subways; the assassination of European politicians and artists; death threats against cartoonists and newspaper editors; and the destruction of the World Trade Center.
In his 1990 article Lewis warned of a rising tide of Islamic violence. "It should by now be clear that we are facing a mood and a movement far transcending the level of issues and policies and the governments that pursue them," he wrote. "This is no less than a clash of civilizations - the perhaps irrational but surely historic reaction of an ancient rival against our Judeo-Christian heritage, our secular present, and the worldwide expansion of both."
The War on Terror
The United States has not won the war against Islamic terrorism, and cannot impose democracy on people whose religion teaches them to embrace clerical despotism. In the wake of an economic crisis at home, the American military is preparing to leave Iraq. It is only a matter of time before allied forces will also leave Afghanistan. Clearly, the jihad against America and the West will continue and metastasize, because the West doesn't have the patience or political stamina or cleverness to persevere (under present circumstances). Furthermore, there is the question as to how an open and liberal society can defeat a hostile religious idea. Sometimes in history there is no solution, but only a problem.
We can therefore see where the "war on terror" is headed. Attacks against the West will intensify. The body count will rise. More bombs will be detonated and one day a weapon of mass destruction will be unleashed against an American city. Even without the encouragement or mischief of larger powers, like Russia or China, the Islamists are serious enemies who will not shrink from using the most brutal methods.
Despite what happened on 9/11, Americans remain unprepared. When the United States government advised Americans to stock food or take simple precautions against chemical or biological attacks, the media reaction was straightforward mockery. In general, preparedness is not cultivated by Americans. It is in the nature of commercial society to "eat, drink and be merry" until awakened by a "date which will live in infamy."